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Karoline (auch: Lina) Bacharach

Frauenstr. 24

Fellheim, Kreis Memmingen
Date of death:
Place of death:
Victim group:
Als Jüdinnen und Juden Verfolgte
Erinnerungszeichen (Tafel)
Altstadt - Lehel

Karoline Bacharach, known as Lina, was born in Fellheim near Memmingen on September 29, 1867 as the daughter of the merchants Jakob and Julie Bacharach, where she grew up with her brothers Isaak and Julius. As a 19 year-old young woman, she came to Munich in 1886. For many decades, almost all her life, she worked in hospitals. At first she worked as the head of ritual catering, i.e. kosher cuisine, at Krankenhaus links der Isar. From 1912, she lived in a hostel of Schwabinger Krankenhaus at Kölner Platz 1 and worked there in the same role in the Jewish department; she also cared for sick people. Her brothers, Isaak and Julius, had also moved to Munich and had married the sisters Betty and Klara Heumann. For many years, they lived at Frauenstraße 6, which was later renumbered as number 24. Karoline Bacharach retired in 1933 and now lived at Frauenstraße 24 as well.
After the Nazi seizure of power she was not granted a tranquil retirement at the end of a life spent working hard. Her brothers were among the first business owners to be affected by the boycott measures against the Jewish population ordered by the Munich city authorities and in 1935 had to close their leather store "J. Bacharach", which had been established in 1894. Isaak Bacharach died in 1936 of a heart condition. Julius Bacharach now worked in the umbrella shop of his wife, Klara, which was also located at Frauenstraße 24. They were forced to close this business, too, at the end of 1938.
Karoline Bacharach, her brother Julius and her sisters-in-law Betty and Klara were forced to move on November 14, 1941 into the "Jüdische Übernachtungshaus" (Jewish Hostel), a mass accommodation for older Jewish women and men, at Wagnerstraße 3. Karoline Bacharach died there on June 28, 1942 of pneumonia, which was probably not adequately treated. On July 23, 1943 the Gestapo (Secret Police) deported her brother and her sisters-in-law from the camp for Jews in Milbertshofen at Knorrstraße 148 to Theresienstadt ghetto, where Julius Bacharach died on May 13, 1943 as a result of the horrific living conditions. The SS deported Klara Bacharach to Auschwitz extermination camp and murdered here there, probably on October 25, 1944. Betty Bacharach managed to reach Switzerland in an exchange transport in February 1945, and survived.(text Barbara Hutzelmann, editor C. Fritscxhe, translation C. Hales)

Erinnerungszeichen für die Familie Bacharach

Im Gedenken an Familie Bacharach gab es am 19. Juli eine Veranstaltung im Innenhof der städtischen Riemerschmied Wirtschaftsschule München.

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